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  1. Unpaid Care and Home Work

The personal sector is properly developed and enormous by sub-Saharan and regional requirements and performs the main half within the Kenyan economic system. The well being of the economic system and advantages to residents are instantly correlated to the well being of the personal sector. In Kenya, the personal sector is noticeably break up into two elements: a proper, massive enterprise sector which is comparatively wholesome and productive, and a large, casual small enterprise sector that’s poorly understood and supported, but which employs virtually 9 out of ten employees. Hyperlinks between the formal and casual sectors are very weak – and initiatives that bridge the hole ought to be a precedence. Agriculture, manufacturing, commerce, tourism, transport and communication, and monetary providers account for over 80% of the personal sector’s contribution to whole GDP. Agriculture stays crucial sector when it comes to contribution to non-public sector GDP and employment, although the significance of agriculture when it comes to its contribution to GDP is declining relative to different sectors, whereas that of producing stays comparatively stagnant. Development within the personal sector is more and more pushed by commerce, transport, Data, Communication and Expertise (ICT) and monetary providers.[1]

Unpaid care and home work (UCDW) preserve households, communities and enterprise working. Care is a constructive and invaluable contribution to our economies and the functioning of our societies. It ensures wholesome, thriving, well-fed kids, aged, disabled and unwell folks, in addition to working adults. Look after folks is offered by, or paid for, by households, and States, the personal sector and civil society.   In keeping with a 2019 Family Care Survey in Kenya by Oxfam, ladies spend a mean of 5 hours a day on unpaid care work (as main exercise) in comparison with about one hour for males. As well as, if unpaid care work is included as both a secondary or simultaneous exercise, the ratio is 11.1 hours for girls to 2.9 hours for males.25 Girls are extra typically anticipated to be the first caregiver and are more likely to spend 20% of their time taking care of a baby.26 Paid and unpaid care work stays largely absent from each nationwide and county social and financial improvement plans and insurance policies, making ladies’s paid and unpaid care work much less valued than that of males and undermining Kenya’s ambitions to realize inclusive and sustainable improvement. Girls and women care work props up the economic system and underpins society, but there’s inadequate funding in fostering gender equality on this work.

  1. Why UCDW Evaluation is Mandatory

The SDG 5 “Obtain gender equality and empower all ladies and women” contains targets of valuing unpaid care and home work. The ILO calculates that of the whole hours that ladies and men work, globally, unpaid care and home work represents 42% of whole work time (ILO). As governments and societies low cost this main section of labor, they have a tendency to underinvest within the productiveness and effectivity of those vital providers that all of us require. Financial actuality tends to be completely different for girls, as ladies must ‘funds’ time in addition to cash to ‘present’ for his or her households. Girls are inclined to make selections about their paid work primarily based on time in addition to revenue.

Globally, ladies spend twice as a lot time on family work and 4 occasions as a lot time on childcare than males (EBRD & ICRW 2019). On common, ladies dedicate 3.2 occasions extra time than males to unpaid care work. Globally, the gender distribution of unpaid care and home work is intimately linked to the gender distribution of paid work. These patterns stick with ladies doing the majority of routine housekeeping and caring for household, a transparent impediment to their participation in paid labor. Even the place ladies have entered the paid labor drive, they proceed to tackle most care and home duties. Most frequently ladies are inclined to have insufficient entry to care is important infrastructure providers that help unpaid care work, similar to transportation, water and vitality methods, and well being, schooling.

  1. Why PS Ought to Take Care About UCDW

Sustainable Growth Aim 5 Goal 5.4: Acknowledge and worth unpaid care and home work by way of the supply of public providers, infrastructure and social safety insurance policies and the promotion of shared duty throughout the family and the household as nationally applicable. The Fast Care Evaluation helps companies determine choices for lowering heavy home and care duties or to redistribute some duty for care to authorities, civil society, or males, and to employers.

Internationally, firms, unions, and employees’ organizations proceed to make progress on gender fairness and respect for employees’ rights. Analysis reveals that addressing Unpaid Care and Home Work (UCDW) at work advantages firm operations, furthering the targets of employers, and that the good points for enterprise are better than the prices. Globally, 60.7% of employed adults have household duties or reside with individuals who rely upon their care. When firms introduce insurance policies and measures for addressing UCDW, this has a constructive impression on ladies employees’ well-being. It improves their well being, reduces their stress at work, resulting in extra focus and employee engagement. Some measures allow ladies to get promoted at work, or to participate in coaching or in employees’ committees and commerce unions. Firms and employers have duty to evaluate and handle employees’ unpaid care and home work.




Residing wages are vital, however they don’t normally remedy work-life steadiness. The ETI Gender Information Steering requires a good lifestyle that’s calculated by the mixture of revenue and time required to take care of a household, not solely wages. Oxfam analysis findings [LINK to WE-Care] contradicts the widespread assumption that girls with extra belongings and revenue are in a position to spend fewer hours on unpaid care work. As an alternative, lowering ladies’s care workload required a mix of apparatus and providers to facilitate housekeeping, and alter in social norms about males’s roles. As well as, the employer/firm insurance policies and practices might exacerbate troublesome work-life steadiness points and the function of personal sector corporations in supporting employees with household duties is strongly confirmed in worldwide conventions and establishments. Thus, Oxfam believes that the RCA enhances, and doesn’t exchange, essential efforts for dwelling wages, non-discrimination and ladies’s rights, and emphasizes the PS-RCA roll out with the next broad objectives-

  • Perceive and sensitize the Non-public Sector Administration in regards to the unpaid care and home works (UCDW).
  • Notice and sensitize the Non-public Sector Employees in regards to the unpaid care and home works (UCDW).
  • Determine the incentives of employers within the personal sector (PS) and staff the place UCDW is counted.
  • Advocate for Care coverage and observe assessment and uptakes of PS.
  • Promote higher office and social norms round care work important infrastructure, insurance policies and respectable work.
  • Roll out the Non-public Sector Fast Care Evaluation software equipment (Please confer with workplan under) focusing on 3-4 enterprises in Nairobi.
  • Seize learnings from roll out of the RCA and contribute to refining and bettering of the Fast Care Evaluation software equipment.
  • Develop sensible suggestions for care work throughout the 5R’s: Recognition, Re-distribution, Reward, Illustration and Resilience within the personal sector and promote higher office and social norms consistent with SDG 8 as regards respectable work and related tenets beneath the United Nations Conference on the Rights of Individuals with Disabilities (UNCRPD).


Making use of to the Kenyan context, the Non-public Sector Fast Care Evaluation will embody the next scope and timeline:

Information Assortment Methodology

The Evaluation workshop utilizing the Fast Care Evaluation Toolkit shall be facilitated by way of Focus Group Dialogue of two separate teams of ladies and men. Qualitative knowledge shall be collected from the RCA individuals composed of enterprises engaged within the ISME challenge.  Over-all Steering in conducting the RCA from the PS Toolkit is as follows.

STEPS   Agenda and Matters/Methods Timeframe

Step 1 Partaking and buying-in of PS     Dialog with PS managers:

  1. Talk about UCDW idea
  2. Function of the corporate and its advantages of the RCA
  3. Dialogue of firm operations and insurance policies

Toolkit: Useful resource 1,2,3 and 5

See Annex 1 in Toolkit: Questions          

1-2 hours

Step 2 Gathering Proof         Gathering context-specific and gender knowledgeable info of firm and employees particularly addressing UCDW in a personal sector context.


  1. Firm stage coordination and knowledge assortment
  2. Small group dialogue of employees

Conduct PS RCA Workouts: (E-Workouts)

-E1: Caregiving relationships

-E2: Time use -Calculate hours labored in a typical day (including paid work and unpaid work and home work)

-E3: Determine duties and duties of UCDW which are most troublesome to steadiness with paid work 

-E4: Care providers

-E5: Additional search to know psychological load of care work throughout work hours.

-E6: Managing paid work and unpaid care work throughout peak work intervals within the yr

-E7: Options; How can the enterprise help employees by lowering /addressing unpaid care and home work by way of applicable, context particular measures insurance policies?

              1 entire day Session

Step 3 Performing    Processing and Refining inputs              10 Working Days




The task ought to be from Might to June  2023. The guide is predicted to conduct and facilitate the next actions and timeline:


1 st – 2nd  Week Might 2024 (14 Working Days)   Facilitate and coordination with goal Non-public Sector entities


Inception and Precise Conduct/Information Assortment of the Fast Care Evaluation              Guarantee coordination with companions and personal sector individuals


Facilitate the conduct of evaluation workshop with focus teams composed of 12-15 women and men individuals

3rdWeek Might-4th  Week  of Might             (15 Working days)           Information Evaluation, and Writing of the Fast Care Evaluation and improvement Motion Plan improvement with personal sector entities

              Submit Evaluation Report and motion plan developed.


2nd Week June, 2024    Submission of 1st Draft             

               Overview Current outcomes Oxfam in Kenya Crew

third  Week, June 2024    Finalizing Report

Submission of Remaining Report        Remaining report with Peer assessment feedback addressed




  • Publish Graduate college diploma in Masters in Gender, Regulation, Worldwide Regulation, Social Sciences.
  • Expertise in efficiently main Gender assessments and Fast Care Evaluation of resilient improvement and community-led project-related initiatives.
  • Expertise working in labor sector and ladies financial empowerment or gender and well-being and helping enterprise on coverage making.
  • A minimum of over 6 years of related skilled expertise in fields associated to gender, social research, ladies’s financial justice and improvement work
  • Robust gender evaluation, analysis expertise and glorious analytical writing expertise together with communication.
  • Confirmed monitor document of facilitating grownup learners and consultancy expertise with various stakeholders
  • Expertise in working for labor rights recognition and advocating for coverage reforms on the earth of labor shall be an added benefit.
  • A confirmed capability to supply a complete report with clearly identifiable evidence-based outcomes realized due to challenge contribution.
  • Required to stick to Oxfam’s rules and values in addition to the promotion of gender justice and ladies’s rights
  • Understanding of and dedication to stick to protected programming, fairness, inclusion, and variety rules.
  • Wonderful report writing and quantitative and qualitative knowledge assortment and analytical expertise.
  • Fluency in English and Swahili.


Key Attributes:

  • Capability to show sensitivity to cultural variations and gender points, in addition to the dedication to equal alternatives.
  • Capability to show an openness and willingness to be taught in regards to the utility of gender/gender mainstreaming, ladies’s rights, and variety for all points of improvement work.
  • Dedication to Oxfam’s safeguarding insurance policies to make sure all individuals who meet Oxfam are as protected as doable.


The guide shall be anticipated to undertake a mixture methodology method, i.e., a qualitative and quantitative approaches. Qualitative knowledge assortment strategies will embody Focus Group Discussions with the goal inhabitants, Key Informant Interviews and Desktop Analysis. The guide shall be required to design stakeholder mapping matrix that clearly outlines the roles duties and energy affect of the stakeholders to be interviewed. As well as, the guide will undertake quantitative method within the evaluation. This may embody conducting family interviews with the goal inhabitants.

Gender Delicate Methodology: The guide will undertake gender responsive method to the task and can put in place measures that mitigate any gender biases which will come up.

Focusing on/Pattern Measurement Calculation: The recognized guide is predicted to determine an applicable sampling method/focusing on for each the qualitative and quantitative knowledge assortment strategies which shall be mentioned and agreed with Oxfam previous to the information assortment train.

Information assortment instruments and Devices: The recognized guide will develop related knowledge assortment instruments and determine the suitable means for amassing the information which shall be mentioned and agreed with, previous to the information assortment train. For the FGD’s and KII’s the guide will work with Oxfam in assessment of devices.

The info shall be analyzed utilizing applicable knowledge evaluation packages. The info ought to be offered in a logical, significant, reader pleasant and easy language on a date agreed with Oxfam and companions.

Moral Issues: The guide will put in place measures to make sure knowledge assortment adheres to all mandatory ethics and tips offered by native legal guidelines on knowledge safety and ‘Do no Hurt’ requirements.

Roles and duties

The task shall be carried out by the guide with the help from the Oxfam Gender Justice and Girls’s Rights Crew, Oxfam MEAL advisor and the companions.

Exercise               Accountable Others       Others

Settlement on Phrases of Reference         Oxfam   With settlement from consultants

Growth of Analysis instruments              Advisor in collaboration with Oxfam   Consultants

Piloting of analysis instruments           Consultants      Consultants

Information Assortment- (FGD periods)             Consultants      Consultants

Information evaluation    Consultants      Consultants

Report writing   Consultants      With help of Oxfam as required, together with for assessment



Anticipated deliverables

The anticipated deliverables schedule is as follows:

Inception Report

  • Inside 3 days after signing the contract.
  • The inception report ought to element the next:
  • The guide’s clear understanding of the proposed task.
  • Methodology for use for the task.
  • Information varieties, assortment plans and analytical method.
  • Total work plan for the task

Zero Draft Report

  • 20 working days after submission of the inception report within the format under:


Remaining Report

  • Inside the final 5 days to the expiry of the contract period which is approximated as a complete of 40working days for all the task.

The manufacturing of the evaluation report would be the legal responsibility of the consultancy group protecting all of the points as outlined within the ToRs. The ultimate report ought to be:

  • Produced in English language and ought to be easy in expression and simple to know.
  • The ultimate evaluation report (together with an Government Abstract) and presentation of a abstract report in PowerPoint.
  • The ultimate report ought to be not more than 30 pages excluding Government abstract, appendices, and bibliography.
  • The report format and textual content ought to be an A4 paper dimension and a legible font.
  • The guide shall be liable to submit an digital copy of the evaluation report by the agreed deadline.

The report ought to comprise the completely different components talked about under. All elements ought to be clearly distinguished from one another and of adequate high quality.

  • Cowl web page.
  • Desk of contents.
  • An government abstract that ought to embody aims of evaluation, the key findings of the evaluation, summaries, conclusions, and suggestions.
  • A justification of the strategies and methods used (together with related underlying values and assumptions, theories) with a justification of the choices made (of individuals interviewed, cities/counties or exercise websites visited).
  • Eventual limitations of the evaluation.
  • A presentation of the findings and the evaluation thereof (together with surprising, related findings).
  • Conclusions which have to be derived from findings and evaluation thereof.
  • Suggestions ought to be clearly associated to conclusions however offered individually. Suggestions ought to be sensible and divided up for numerous actors or stakeholders within the numerous thematic areas and embody tips of how they are often carried out.
  • Report annexes that embody knowledge assortment instruments and schedule, sampling procedures and body and sampled cities/counties, and record of survey group members.
  • References to sources used, similar to interviews, literature, stories, have to be given.

Confidentiality of points mentioned MUST be confused throughout interviews and safeguarded by the guide(s). The info ought to be disaggregated by gender and age as this can be very essential when figuring out key problems with the response and assessing gender and safety vulnerabilities. Corporations or

Advisor(s) who meet the necessities ought to submit their bids (Most 10 pages), which ought to embody the next:

  • A suitability assertion, together with dedication to availability for all the task when required.
  • A short assertion on the proposed case research methodology together with an in depth plan.
  • An in depth monetary proposal. The monetary proposal ought to embody day by day prices.
  • Up to date curriculum vitae that clearly spell out related {qualifications} and expertise.





Please submit purposes on or earlier than 19th April, 2024  and within the topic line: Non-public Sector Fast Care Evaluation.  All Expression of pursuits ought to be despatched to handle: [email protected]




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